KCMUCo Publications

1. Begg, S., Wright, A., Small, G., Mosha, F., Kirby, M., Snetselaar, J., Aziz, S., Bharmal, J., Dacombe, R., Bates, I., 2020. Developing laboratory capacity for Good Laboratory Practice certification: lessons from a Tanzanian insecticide testing facility. Gates Open Res 4, 59.

2. Diarz, E.J., Leyaro, B.J., Kivuyo, S.L., Ngowi, B.J., Msuya, S.E., Mfinanga, S.G., Bonfoh, B., Mahande, M.J., 2020. Red meat consumption and its association with hypertension and hyperlipidaemia among adult Maasai pastoralists of Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania. PLOS ONE 15, e0233777.

3. Eaton, P., Lewis, T., Kellett‐Wright, J., Flatt, A., Urasa, S., Howlett, W., Dekker, M., Kisoli, A., Rogathe, J., Thornton, J., McCartney, J., Yarwood, V., Irwin, C., Mukaetova‐Ladinska, E.B., Akinyemi, R., Gray, W.K., Walker, R.W., Dotchin, C.L., Makupa, P.C., Quaker, A.-L.S., Paddick, S.-M., 2020. Risk factors for symptomatic HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder in adults aged 50 and over attending a HIV clinic in Tanzania. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 35, 1198–1208.

4. Gonçalves-Rodrigues, P., Almeida-Coelho, J., Gonçalves, A., Amorim, F., Leite-Moreira, A.F., Stienen, G.J.M., Falcão-Pires, I., 2020. In Vitro Assessment of Cardiac Function Using Skinned Cardiomyocytes. JoVE (Journal of Visualized Experiments) e60427.
Hape, W.M., Magambo, M.J., Ngocho, J.S., Mosha, V., Msuya, S.E., Leyaro, B.J., 2020. Bacterial Isolates and Their Antibiotics Susceptibility Pattern Among Patients Admitted With Chronic Lower Limb Ulcers at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre Northern Zone Referral Hospital, Tanzania. The International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds 1534734620923455.

5. Kandhari, N., Prabhakar, M., Shannon, O., Fostier, W., Koehl, C., Rogathi, J., Temu, G., Stephan, B.C.M., Gray, W.K., Haule, I., Paddick, S.-M., Mmbaga, B.T., Walker, R., Siervo, M., 2020. Feasibility and acceptability of a nutritional intervention testing the effects of nitrate-rich beetroot juice and folic acid on blood pressure in Tanzanian adults with elevated blood pressure. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 0, 1–13.

6. Kanji, S., Dhalla, K., Makupa, W., 2020. Outcomes of Intravitreal Bevacizumab in Patients with Diabetic Macular Edema at a Tertiary Hospital in Northern Tanzania. Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal 27–34.

7. Lodhia, J., Mremi, A., Pyuza, J.J., Bartholomeo, N., Herman, A.M., 2020. Schistosomiasis and cancer: Experience from a zonal hospital in Tanzania and opportunities for prevention. J Surg Case Rep 2020.

8. Michael, D., Mremi, A., Swai, P., Shayo, B.C., Mchome, B., 2020a. Gynecological hysterectomy in Northern Tanzania: a cross-sectional study on the outcomes and correlation between clinical and histological diagnoses. BMC Women’s Health 20, 122.

9. Michael, D., Mremi, A., Swai, P., Shayo, B.C., Mchome, B., 2020b. Gynecological hysterectomy in Northern Tanzania: a cross-sectional study on the outcomes and correlation between clinical and histological diagnoses. BMC Women’s Health 20, 122.

10. Mndeme, Furahini Godfrey, Derrick, T., Mmbaga, B.T., Msina, M., Kim, M., MacLeod, D., Mwende, J., Nyaluke, P., Vaitha, S., Burton, M., Gompels, U., Gilbert, C., Bowman, R., 2020a. Congenital Infection and Congenital Cataract in Tanzania: A Case-Control Study [WWW Document]. Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases.

11. Mndeme, Furahini G., Mmbaga, B.T., Kim, M.J., Sinke, L., Allen, L., Mgaya, E., Bastawrous, A., MacLeod, D., Burton, M.J., Gilbert, C., Bowman, R., 2020. Red reflex examination in reproductive and child health clinics for early detection of paediatric cataract and ocular media disorders: cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy and feasibility studies from Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Eye 1–7.

12. Mndeme, Furahini Godfrey, Mmbaga, B.T., Msina, M., Mwende, J., Vaitha, S.J., Kim, M.J., Macleod, D., Burton, M.J., Gilbert, C.E., Bowman, R., 2020b. Presentation, surgery, and 1-year outcomes of childhood cataract surgery in Tanzania. British Journal of Ophthalmology.

13. Mwatha, A.B., Mahande, M., Olomi, R., John, B., Philemon, R., 2020. Treatment outcomes of Pumani bubble-CPAP versus oxygen therapy among preterm babies presenting with respiratory distress at a tertiary hospital in Tanzania—Randomised trial. PLOS ONE 15, e0235031.

14. Ngowi, K.M., Lyamuya, F., Mmbaga, B.T., Muro, E., Hillu, Z., Shirima, M., Aarnoutse, R.E., Sprangers, M.A., Nieuwkerk, P.T., Reiss, P., Boer, M.S., 2020. Technical and Psychosocial Challenges of mHealth Usage for Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among People Living With HIV in a Resource-Limited Setting: Case Series. JMIR Formative Research 4, e14649.

15. Sayed, S., Mutasa, R., Kaaya, E., Mudenda, V., Rajiv, E., Vuhahula, E., Rajab, J., Lukande, R., Walong, E., Mutuku, A., Fleming, K., 2020. Establishing the College of Pathologists of East, Central, and Southern Africa – The Regional East Central and Southern Africa College of Pathology. Afr J Lab Med 9.

16. Stienen, G.J.M., 2020. Early adjustments in mitochondrial structure and function in skeletal muscle to high altitude: design and rationale of the first study from the Kilimanjaro Biobank. Biophys Rev 12, 793–798.

17. Yussuf, M.H., Elewonibi, B.R., Rwabilimbo, M.M., Mboya, I.B., Mahande, M.J., 2020. Trends and predictors of changes in modern contraceptive use among women aged 15–49 years in Tanzania from 2004–2016: Evidence from Tanzania Demographic and Health Surveys. PLOS ONE 15, e0234980.

1. Damian, D.J., Tibelerwa, J.Y., John, B., Philemon, R., Mahande, M.J., Msuya, S.E., 2020. Factors influencing utilization of skilled birth attendants during childbirth in the Southern Highlands, Tanzania: a multilevel analysis. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 20, 420.

2. Issa, S., Singh, M., Kilonzo, K., John, B., Msuya, S., Ngocho, J., 2020. Poor hypertension control among patients attending the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. EMJ 58.
Issangya, C.E., Msuya, D., Chilonga, K., Herman, A., Shao, E., Shirima, F., Naman, E., Mkumbi, H., Pyuza, J., Mtui, E., Sanga, L.A., Abdul, S., Leyaro, B.J., Chugulu, S., 2020. Perioperative serum albumin as a predictor of adverse outcomes in abdominal surgery: prospective cohort hospital-based study in Northern Tanzania. BMC Surgery 20, 155.

3. Lugata, S., Elinisa, M., Doshi, B., Kashuta, R.A., Hango, S., Mallosa, W.J., Kelly, C., Ngocho, J.S., 2020. Symptoms and predictors of depression among university students in the Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Mental Health 0, 1–8.

4. Manavalan, P., Madut, D.B., Hertz, J.T., Thielman, N.M., Okeke, N.L., Mmbaga, B.T., Watt, M.H., 2020. Hypertension burden and challenges across the hypertension treatment cascade among adults enrolled in HIV care in northern Tanzania. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension 22, 1518–1522.

5. Mariki, G.A., Chilongola, J.O., 2020. Risk Factors for Placental Malaria and Birth Weight Outcome among Pregnant Women Attending Mawenzi Regional Referral Hospital, Moshi North-Eastern Tanzania. International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health 46–53.

6. Mashamba, D., Musheiguza, E., Makupa, W., 2020. Factors Associated and Management of Functional Failure after External Dacryocystorhinostomy at Zonal Tertiary Hospital. Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal 44–53.

7. Mbwete, G.W., Kilonzo, K.G., Shao, E.R., Chamba, N.G., 2020. Suboptimal Blood Pressure Control, Associated Factors, and Choice of Antihypertensive Drugs among Type 2 Diabetic Patients at KCMC, Tanzania [WWW Document]. Journal of Diabetes Research.

8. Mremi, A., Pyuza, J.J., Bartholomeo, N., Andongolile, A.A., Yahaya, J.J., 2020. Diagnosis of primary osteosarcoma of the urinary bladder in a resource-limited setting: a case report and review of the literature. J Surg Case Rep 2020.

9. Rambau, P.F., Köbel, M., Tilley, D., Mremi, A., Lukande, R., Muller, W., 2020. Ovarian Cancer: Diagnostic accuracy and tumor types distribution in East Africa compared to North America (preprint). In Review.

10. Siervo, M., Shannon, O., Kandhari, N., Prabhakar, M., Fostier, W., Köchl, C., Rogathi, J., Temu, G., Stephan, B.C.M., Gray, W.K., Haule, I., Paddick, S.-M., Mmbaga, B.T., Walker, R., 2020. Nitrate-Rich Beetroot Juice Reduces Blood Pressure in Tanzanian Adults with Elevated Blood Pressure: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial. J Nutr 150, 2460–2468.

1. Baena, A., Vuyst, H.D., Mesher, D., Kasubi, M., Yuma, S., Mwaiselage, J., Zouiouich, S., Mlay, P., Kahesa, C., Landoulsi, S., Hernandez, M. de la L., Lucas, E., Herrero, R., Almonte, M., Broutet, N., 2020. Reproducibility of a Rapid Human Papillomavirus Test at Different Levels of the Healthcare System in Tanzania: The AISHA Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev.

2. Irira, M.E., Philemon, R.N., Mmbaga, J.Y., Komba, V., Bartlett, J., Kinabo, G.D., Mmbaga, B.T., 2020. Dyslipidemia in HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents on Antiretroviral Therapy Receiving Care at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre in Tanzania: A Cross-Sectional Study. Infect Dis (Auckl) 13, 1178633720948860.

3. Kisigo, G.A., Ngocho, J.S., Knettel, B.A., Oshosen, M., Mmbaga, B.T., Watt, M.H., 2020. “At home, no one knows”: A qualitative study of retention challenges among women living with HIV in Tanzania. PLOS ONE 15, e0238232.

4. Lodhia, J., Msuya, D., Philemon, R., Sadiq, A., Mremi, A., 2020. Gastric perforation resulting into pneumoperitoneum in a neonate: a case report. J Surg Case Rep 2020.

5. Mboya, I.B., Ngocho, J.S., Mgongo, M., Samu, L.P., Pyuza, J.J., Amour, C., Mahande, M.J., Leyaro, B.J., George, J.M., Philemon, R.N., Muro, F., Renju, J., Msuya, S.E., 2020. Community engagement in COVID-19 prevention: experiences from Kilimanjaro region, Northern Tanzania. The Pan African Medical Journal 35.

6. Watt, M.H., Knettel, B.A., Knippler, E.T., Kisigo, G., Ngocho, J.S., Renju, J., Rogathi, J., Sao, S.S., Minja, L., Osaki, H., Mwamba, R.N., Mmbaga, B.T., 2020. The development of Maisha, a video-assisted counseling intervention to address HIV stigma at entry into antenatal care in Tanzania. Evaluation and Program Planning 83, 101859.

1. Ali, F., Mgongo, M., Mamseri, R., George, J.M., Mboya, I.B., Msuya, S.E., 2020. Prevalence of and factors associated with early initiation of breastfeeding among women with children aged < 24 months in Kilimanjaro region, northern Tanzania: a community-based cross-sectional study. Int Breastfeed J 15, 80.

2. Kalengo, N.H., Sanga, L.A., Philemon, R.N., Obure, J., Mahande, M.J., 2020. The recurrence rate of preterm birth and associated factors among women who delivered at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre in Northern Tanzania: A registry-based cohort study. PLOS ONE 15, e0239037.

3. Kalinga, A.K., Mgata, S., Kavishe, R.A., Mahikwano, L., Temu, L., Mswanya, C., Mwanziva, C., Amoo, G., Kamau, E., Vesely, B., Ishengoma, D.S., 2020. Implementation of external quality assessment of microscopy for improved parasite detection and confirmatory diagnosis of malaria in Tanzanian Military health facilities. BMC Research Notes 13, 447.

4. Kiwango, F., Mboya, I.B., John, B., Hashim, T., Msuya, S.E., Mgongo, M., 2020. Prevalence and factors associated with timely initiation of breastfeeding in Kilimanjaro region, northern Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 20, 505.

5. Mgogwe, J., Semvua, H., Massay, O., Nyombi, B., Chilongola, J., 2020. Demographic and clinical determinants of multi drug-resistant tuberculosis among HIV infected patients in Tanzania. IJMMS 12, 23–32.

6. Mlay, I.E., Mchaile, D.N., Shayo, A.M., 2020. <p>Growth Velocity and Factors Associated with Poor Postnatal Growth Rate Among Preterm Infants at KCMC: A Prospective Cohort Study</p> [WWW Document]. Research and Reports in Neonatology.

7. Mremi, A., Mswima, J., Mlay, M.G., Bartholomew, H., Alloyce, J.P., Mmbaga, B.T., Bartlett, J., 2020. Cancer spectrum in HIV-infected patients: A zonal hospital experience in Tanzania. Cancer Treatment and Research Communications 100213.

8. Selengia, V., Thuy, H.N.T., Mushi, D., 2020. Prevalence and Patterns of Child Sexual Abuse in Selected Countries of Asia and Africa: A Review of Literature. Open Journal of Social Sciences 8, 146–160.

9. Yahaya, J., Mremi, A., 2020. Metaplastic carcinoma of breast: a report of two cases. Oxf Med Case Reports 2020.

1. Chirwa, T.F., Matsena Zingoni, Z., Munyewende, P., Manda, S.O., Mwambi, H., Kandala, N.-B., Kinyanjui, S., Young, T., Musenge, E., Simbeye, J., Musonda, P., Mahande, M.J., Weke, P., Onyango, N.O., Kazembe, L., Tumwesigye, N.M., Zuma, K., Yende-Zuma, N., Omanyondo  Ohambe, M.-C., Kweku, E.N., Maposa, I., Ayele, B., Achia, T., Machekano, R., Thabane, L., Levin, J., Eijkemans, M.J.C., Carpenter, J., Chasela, C., Klipstein-Grobusch, K., Todd, J., 2020. Developing excellence in biostatistics leadership, training and science in Africa: How the Sub-Saharan Africa Consortium for Advanced Biostatistics (SSACAB) training unites expertise to deliver excellence. AAS Open Res 3, 51.

2. Elewonibi, B., Amour, C., Gleason, S., Msuya, S., Canning, D., Shah, I., 2020. Estimating the lifetime incidence of induced abortion and understanding abortion practices in a Northeastern Tanzania community through a household survey. Contraception.

3. Hassan, H.S., Masenga, E.J., n.d. Quality of life of patients with keloid at the Regional Dermatology Training Centre, Northern Tanzania. Dermatological Reviews n/a.

4. Lodhia, J., Chugulu, S., Sadiq, A., Msuya, D., Mremi, A., 2020. Giant isolated hydatid lung cyst: two case reports. Journal of Medical Case Reports 14, 200.

5. Madut, D.B., Park, L.P., Yao, J., Reddy, E.A., Njau, B., Ostermann, J., Whetten, K., Thielman, N.M., 2020. Predictors of mortality in treatment-experienced HIV-infected patients in northern Tanzania. PLOS ONE 15, e0240293.

6. Mahande, M.J., Shayo, E., Amour, C., Mshana, G., Msuya, S., 2020. Factors associated with modern contraceptives use among postpartum women in Bukombe district, Geita region, Tanzania. PLOS ONE 15, e0239903.

7. Mgabo, M., Msuya, S., Mushi, D., 2020. Community Health Workers Engagement in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT): A Cross-Sectional Study from Selected Fishing Communities in Tanzania. Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care 6, 39.

8. Mgogwe, J.C., Nyombi, B.M., Massay, O.S., Semvua, H.H., Chilongola, J.O., 2020. Biochemical, Hematological and Immunological Indices Among MDR-TB on Second Line Anti TB and MDR-TB-HIV Co-Infected Patients on Second Line Anti TB and ARV Drugs for a Six -Month Treatment. TMJ 31, 1–14.

9. Middleton, D.R.S., Mmbaga, B.T., O’Donovan, M., Abedi‐Ardekani, B., Debiram‐Beecham, I., Nyakunga‐Maro, G., Maro, V., Bromwich, M., Daudi, A., Ngowi, T., Minde, R., Claver, J., Mremi, A., Mwasamwaja, A., Schüz, J., Fitzgerald, R.C., McCormack, V., n.d. Minimally invasive oesophageal sponge cytology sampling is feasible in a Tanzanian community setting. International Journal of Cancer n/a.

10. Milugo, T.K., Tchouassi, D.P., Kavishe, R.A., Dinglasan, R.R., Torto, B., 2020. Derivatization increases mosquito larvicidal activity of the sesquiterpene lactone parthenin isolated from the invasive weed Parthenium hysterophorus. Pest Manag Sci.
mohd, mbarouk said, Bright, F. bright, Mteta, A. kien, Mbwambo, J. said, Ngowi, B. nicolaus, Mbwambo, O. jasper, Yongolo, S., Mganga, A. mganga, 2020. Long term complications of hypospadias repair: A ten-year experience from Northern Zone of Tanzania. (preprint). In Review.

11. Mwamba, R.N., Sao, S.S., Knettel, B.A., Minja, L.M., Osaki, H., Mmbaga, B.T., Watt, M.H., 2020. The Disclosure Dilemma: Willingness to Disclose a Positive HIV Status Among Individuals Preparing for HIV Testing During Antenatal Care in Tanzania. AIDS Behav.

12. Mwamwitwa, K.W., Kaibere, R.M., Fimbo, A.M., Sabitii, W., Ntinginya, N.E., Mmbaga, B.T., Shewiyo, D.H., Shearer, M.C., Smith, A.D., Kaale, E.A., 2020. A retrospective cross-sectional study to determine the chirality status of registered medicines in Tanzania. Scientific Reports 10, 17834.

13. Pallangyo, A., Pyuza, J.J., Andongolile, A.A., Mbwambo, D., Claver, J.P., Koosa, U.-K., Lema, K., Amsi, P., Nkya, G., Mremi, A., 2020. Ovarian malignant mixed Müllerian tumor: a rare case report from Tanzania. J Surg Case Rep 2020.
Tollstern Landin, T., Melin, T., Mark Kimaka, V., Hallberg, D., Kidayi, P., Machange, R., Mattsson, J., Björling, G., 2020. Sexual Harassment in Clinical Practice—A Cross-Sectional Study Among Nurses and Nursing Students in Sub-Saharan Africa. SAGE Open Nursing 6, 2377960820963764.

14. Zimmerman, A., Fox, S., Griffin, R., Nelp, T., Thomaz, E.B.A.F., Mvungi, M., Mmbaga, B.T., Sakita, F., Gerardo, C.J., Vissoci, J.R.N., Staton, C.A., 2020. An analysis of emergency care delays experienced by traumatic brain injury patients presenting to a regional referral hospital in a low-income country. PLOS ONE 15, e0240528.

1. Begg, S., Wright, A., Small, G., Abdoulaye, D., Kisinza, W., Koudou, B., Moore, S., Mosha, F., Edi, C., Kirby, M., Kija, P., Malima, R., Moore, J., Bates, I., 2020. Ripple effects of research capacity strengthening: a study of the effects of a project to support test facilities in three African countries towards Good Laboratory Practice certification. Gates Open Res 4, 175.

2. Ibrahim, G., Luzinge, H., Kapanda, G., 2020. Teaching and Learning Experiences in Medical Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Case of Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KCMUCo), Tanzania. Journal of Learning for Development 7, 433–446.
Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy on Maternal Health after Cessation of Breastfeeding. – Abstract – Europe PMC [WWW Document], n.d. URL (accessed 12.8.20).

3. Kajeguka, D.C., Mrema, N.R., Mawazo, A., Malya, R., Mgabo, M.R., 2020. Factors and Causes of Puerperal Sepsis in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: A Descriptive Study among Postnatal Women who Attended Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre. 1 4, 158–162.

4. Lodhia, J., Philemon, R., Amsi, P., Chilonga, K., Msuya, D., 2020. A Report of a Large Axillary Cystic Hygroma (a.k.a Lymphangioma) in a Newborn from a Tertiary Hospital in Northern Tanzania [WWW Document]. Case Reports in Surgery.

5. Mbwambo, O.J., Mremi, A., Mbwambo, J.S., Bright, F., Mteta, A.K., Ngowi, B.N., 2020. Virchow’s node as the initial presentation of metastatic prostate cancer: a case series of a common cancer in uncommon location. Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2020.

6. McLarty, R.P., Alloyce, J.P., Chitema, G.G., Msuya, L.J., n.d. Glycemic control, associated factors, acute complications of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in children, adolescents and young adults in Tanzania. Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism n/a, e00200.

7. Moshi, H.I., Jusabani, M.A., Rashid, S.M., Dekker, M.C.J., 2020. Ox cart accidents as a cause of spinal cord injury in Tanzania. Spinal Cord Series and Cases 6, 1–5.

8. Watt, M.H., Minja, L., Knettel, B.A., Mwamba, R.N., Osaki, H., Ngocho, J.S., Kisigo, G.A., Renju, J., Vissoci, J.R.N., Sao, S.S., Mmbaga, B.T., 2020. Pilot Outcomes of Maisha: An HIV Stigma Reduction Intervention Developed for Antenatal Care in Tanzania. AIDS Behav.

9. Yahaya, J.J., Bartholomew, N., Mremi, A., 2020. Metastatic Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma in a 13-Year Old Girl: A Case Report and Review of the Literature Mainly Focusing on Treatment and Prognosis. Int J Surg Case Rep 77, 791–794.

1. Henke, A., Kluge, U., Borde, T., Mchome, B., Serventi, F., Henke, O., 2021. Tanzanian women´s knowledge about Cervical Cancer and HPV and their prevalence of positive VIA cervical screening results. Data from a Prevention and Awareness Campaign in Northern Tanzania, 2017 – 2019. Global Health Action 14, 1852780.

2. Kiondo, K.S., Maro, E., Kiwango, S., Alloyce, J.P., Shayo, B.C., Mahande, M.J., 2020. Prevalence and factors associated with postpartum use of long-acting reversible contraception in Bukombe District, Geita Region, Tanzania: a community- based study. Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 5, 24.

3. Lema, G., Mremi, A., Amsi, P., Pyuza, J.J., Alloyce, J.P., Mchome, B., Mlay, P., 2020. Placental pathology and maternal factors associated with stillbirth: An institutional-based case-control study in Northern Tanzania. PLOS ONE 15, e0243455.
Magnusson, F.L., Rogathi, J.J., Sigalla, G.N., Manongi, R., Rasch, V., Gammeltoft, T., Meyrowitsch, D.W., 2020. Does resilience moderate the effect of intimate partner violence on signs of depression among Tanzanian pregnant women: A cross-sectional study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand.

4. Manavalan, P., Minja, L., Wanda, L., Hertz, J.T., Thielman, N.M., Okeke, N.L., Mmbaga, B.T., Watt, M.H., 2020. “It’s because I think too much”: Perspectives and experiences of adults with hypertension engaged in HIV care in northern Tanzania. PLOS ONE 15, e0243059.

5. Mmbaga, B.T., Mwasamwaja, A., Mushi, G., Mremi, A., Nyakunga, G., Kiwelu, I., Swai, R., Kiwelu, G., Mustapha, S., Mghase, E., Mchome, A., Shao, R., Mallya, E., Rwakatema, D.S., Kilonzo, K., Munishi, O.M., Abedi-Ardekani, B., Middleton, D., Schüz, J., McCormack, V., 2020. Missing and Decayed Teeth, Oral Hygiene and Dental Staining in relation to Esophageal Cancer Risk: ESCCAPE case-control study in Kilimanjaro Tanzania. Int J Cancer.

6. Rolfe, R.J., Jr, Muro, F., Lyamuya, F., Kwobah, C.M., Sheng, T., Piyasiri, D.L.B., Bodinayake, C.K., Nagahawatte, A., Yarrington, M.E., Drew, R.H., Kussin, P.S., Watt, M.H., Anderson, D.J., Woods, C.W., Mmbaga, B.T., Tillekeratne, L.G., 2020. 158. A multi-site, prospective study of antimicrobial prescribing practices in three low- or middle-income country hospitals. Open Forum Infectious Diseases 7, S88–S89.

7. Rolfe, R.J., Kwobah, C.M., Muro, F., Ruwanpathirana, A.S., Lyamuya, F., Bodinayake, C.K., Nagahawatte, A., Piyasiri, D.L.B., Sheng, T., Bollinger, J.W., Zhang, C., Drew, R.H., Kussin, P.S., Anderson, D.J., Woods, C.W., Watt, M.H., Mmbaga, B.T., Tillekeratne, L.G., 2020. 166. Barriers to implementing antimicrobial stewardship programs in low- or middle-income country settings: findings from a multi-site qualitative study. Open Forum Infect Dis 7, S91.

8. Sao, S., Knettel, B., Kisigo, G., Knippler, E., Osaki, H., Mwamba, R., Rogathi, J., Ngocho, J., Mmbaga, B., Watt, M., 2020. HIV Community-Level Stigmatizing Attitudes in Tanzania: Per- spectives from Antenatal Care. Journal of Sport and Health Research 4.
Shabhay, A., Horumpende, P., Shabhay, Z., Van Baal, S.G., Lazaro, E., Chilonga, K., 2020. Surgical Approach in Management of Posttraumatic Diaphragmatic Hernia: Thoracotomy versus Laparotomy [WWW Document]. Case Reports in Surgery.

1. Dekker, M.C.J., Mremi, A., Kilonzo, K.G., Nyakunga, G., Sakita, F., Mvungi, M., Urasa, S.J., Masenga, G., Howlett, W.P., 2021. Altitude-Related Disorders on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: Two-Year Survey in a Local Referral Center. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine.

2. Howarth-Maddison, M., Gamassa, E., Safic, S., Andrea, D., Urasa, S., Walker, R.W., Gray, W.K., Haule, I., Dotchin, C.L., Paddick, S.-M., 2021. Development of a brief screening method for identification of depression in older adults in Sub-Saharan Africa. Aging & Mental Health 0, 1–8.

3. Katanga, J., Kjaer, S.K., Manongi, R., Pembe, A.B., Iftner, T., Waldstrom, M., Mwaiselage, J., Rasch, V., 2021. Agreement between careHPV and Hybrid capture 2 (HC2) in detecting high-risk HPV in women in Tanzania. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand.

4. Kiwango, F., Mremi, A., Masenga, A., Akrabi, H., 2021. Intestinal ischemia in a COVID-19 patient: case report from Northern Tanzania. Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2021.

5. Madut, D.B., Manavalan, P., Mtalo, A., Peter, T.A., Ostermann, J., Njau, B., Thielman, N.M., 2021. Increasing the Uptake of HIV Testing among Men in Tanzania: A Novel Intervention for Bar Patrons. AIDS Behav.

6. Mahande, M.J., Oneko, O., Amour, C., Pollie, M., Smith, C., Mboya, I.B., Finkel, M., n.d. Feasibility and acceptability of Human Papilloma Virus self-sampling in a semi-urban area in Northern Tanzania. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics n/a.

7. Owor, M., Tierney, C., Ziemba, L., Browning, R., Moye, J., Graham, B., Reding, C., Costello, D., Norman, J., Wiesner, L., Hughes, E., Whalen, M.E., Purdue, L., Mmbaga, B.T., Kamthunzi, P., Kawalazira, R., Nathoo, K., Bradford, S., Coletti, A., Aweeka, F., Musoke, P., 2021. Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Zidovudine, Lamivudine, and Lopinavir/Ritonavir in HIV-infected Children With Severe Acute Malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa: IMPAACT Protocol P1092. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal Online First.

8. P, S., Sk, K., B, M., R, M., Se, M., Cs, W., M, W., T, I., J, M., V, R., 2021. The association between human papillomavirus and cervical high-grade cytology among HIV positive and HIV negative Tanzanian women: a cross-sectional study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand.

9. Pires, S.M., Desta, B.N., Mughini-Gras, L., Mmbaga, B.T., Fayemi, O.E., Salvador, E.M., Gobena, T., Majowicz, S.E., Hald, T., Hoejskov, P.S., Minato, Y., Devleesschauwer, B., 2021. The burden of foodborne diseases: think global, act local. Current Opinion in Food Science 39, 152–159.

10. Shabhay, A., Horumpende, P., Shabhay, Z., Mganga, A., Van Baal, J., Msuya, D., Chilonga, K., Chugulu, S., 2021a. Clinical profiles of diabetic foot ulcer patients undergoing major limb amputation at a tertiary care center in North-eastern Tanzania. BMC Surg 21, 34.

11. Shabhay, A., Shabhay, Z., Chilonga, K., Msuya, D., Mwakyembe, T., Chugulu, S., 2021b. Standard Urine Collection Bag as an Improvised Bogotá Bag as a Temporary Abdominal Closure Method in an Open Abdomen in Preventing Abdominal Compartment Syndrome [WWW Document]. Case Reports in Surgery.

12. Suleiman, I.R., Maro, E., Shayo, B.C., Alloyce, J.P., Masenga, G., Mahande, M.J., Mchome, B., 2021. The trend in female genital mutilation and its associated adverse birth outcomes: A 10-year retrospective birth registry study in Northern Tanzania. PLOS ONE 16, e0244888.

13. Yoseph, M., Paddick, S.-M., Gray, W.K., Damas, A., Barber, R., Colgan, A., Dotchin, C., Urasa, S., Kisoli, A., Kissima, J., Haule, I., Rogathi, J., Safic, S., Mushi, D., Robinson, L., Walker, R.W., n.d. Prevalence estimates of dementia in older adults in rural Kilimanjaro 2009-2010 and 2018-2019: Is there evidence of changing prevalence? International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry n/a.
Henke, O., Mapendo, P.J., Mremi, A., Mmbaga, L.G., Pallangyo, A.E., Harbaum, T., Mkwizu, E., 2021. Skin maculae, chronic diarrhea, cachexia, and splenomegaly—Late presentation of the first autochthonous case of visceral leishmaniasis in Tanzania. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 15, e0008925.

14. Mremi, A., Rwenyagila, D., Chilonga, K., Sadiq, A., Msuya, D., Lodhia, J., 2021. Immature teratoma of the ovary in a 1 year and 9-month-old child: a case report and review of the literature. Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2021.
Yahaya, J.J., Mremi, A., 2021. Primary intratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma in children: a case report and review of the literature. Journal of Medical Case Reports 15, 37.

1. Ev, M., Dr, M., M, R., Ej, M., 2021. Prurigo nodularis Comparative Treatment outcome in Patients attending a Tertiary Hospital in Northern Tanzania. Dermatol Ther e14855–e14855.

2. McCormack, V., Kaimila, B., Mmbaga, B.T., Schüz, J., 2021. Esophageal Cancer in Tanzania: A Welcome Stimulus in Primary Prevention Research. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 30, 248–251.

3. Mremi, A., Linde, D.S., Mchome, B., Mlay, J., Schledermann, D., Blaakær, J., Rasch, V., n.d. Acceptability and feasibility of self-sampling and follow-up attendance after text message delivery of HPV results: A cross-sectional study nested in a cohort in rural Tanzania. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica n/a.

4. Mwita, M., Shemdoe, E., Mwampashe, E., Gunda, D., Mmbaga, B., 2021. Generalized anxiety symptoms among women attending antenatal clinic in Mwanza Tanzania; A cross-sectional study. Journal of Affective Disorders Reports 100124.

5. Sadiq, A.M., Chamba, N.G., 2021. Challenges in the Management of Thyrotoxicosis Associated with Atrial Fibrillation and Heart Failure: Two Case Reports. Clin Med Insights Case Rep 14, 1179547621994573.

6. Temba, G.S., Kullaya, V., Pecht, T., Mmbaga, B.T., Aschenbrenner, A.C., Ulas, T., Kibiki, G., Lyamuya, F., Boahen, C.K., Kumar, V., Joosten, L.A.B., Schultze, J.L., van der Ven, A.J., Netea, M.G., de Mast, Q., 2021. Urban living in healthy Tanzanians is associated with an inflammatory status driven by dietary and metabolic changes. Nature Immunology 1–14.

7. Sam-Agudu, N.A., Rabie, H., Pipo, M.T., Byamungu, L.N., Masekela, R., van der Zalm, M.M., Redfern, A., Dramowski, A., Mukalay, A., Gachuno, O.W., Mongweli, N., Kinuthia, J., Ishoso, D.K., Amoako, E., Agyare, E., Agbeno, E.K., Jibril, A.M., Abdullahi, A.M., Amadi, O., Umar, U.M., Ayele, B.T., Machekano, R.N., Nyasulu, P.S., Hermans, M.P., Otshudiema, J.O., Bongo-Pasi Nswe, C., Kayembe, J.-M.N., Mbala-Kingebeni, P., Muyembe-Tamfum, J.-J., Aanyu, H.T., Musoke, P., Fowler, M.G., Sewankambo, N., Suleman, F., Adejumo, P., Tsegaye, A., Mteta, A., Noormahomed, E.V., Deckelbaum, R.J., Zumla, A., Mavungu Landu, D.J., Tshilolo, L., Zigabe, S., Goga, A., Mills, E.J., Umar, L.W., Kruger, M., Mofenson, L.M., Nachega, J.B., for investigators in the AFREhealth COVID-19 Research Collaboration on Children and Adolescents, 2021. The Critical Need for Pooled Data on COVID-19 in African Children: An AFREhealth Call for Action through Multi-Country Research Collaboration. Clinical Infectious Diseases.

1. B Kagaruki, G., J Mahande, M., D Kimaro, G., S Ngadaya, E., Mayige T, M., Selemani, M., Jaacks, L.M., Jaffar, S., Mfinanaga, S.G., Bonfoh, B., 2021. Prevalence and Correlates of Cardio-Metabolic Risk Factors Among Regular Street Food Consumers in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. DMSO Volume 14, 1011–1024.

2. Brummel, S.S., Taha, T.E., Angelidou, K. (Nadia), Saidi, F., Atuhaire, P., Dula, D., Moodley, D., Matubu, A., Chareka, G., Nevrekar, N., Vhembo, T., Fairlie, L., Theron, G., Mlay, P., George, K., Basar, M., Chakhtoura, N., Browning, R., Fowler, M.G., Currier, J.S., Team, for the I. 1077BF/FF P.S., 2021. Brief Report: Impact of ART on Maternal Health After Cessation of Breastfeeding. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 86, 450–454.

3. Fc, K., Hd, K., Mr, M., C, A., Ib, M., 2021. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of cervical cancer screening among women living with HIV in the Kilimanjaro region, northern Tanzania. Cancer Rep (Hoboken) e1374–e1374.

4. Flatt, A., Gentry, T., Kellett-Wright, J., Eaton, P., Joseph, M., Urasa, S., Howlett, W., Dekker, M., Kisoli, A., Rogathe, J., Henderson, L., Lewis, T., Thornton, J., McCartney, J., Yarwood, V., Irwin, C., Mukaetova-Ladinska, E.B., Akinyemi, R., Gray, W.K., Walker, R.W., Dotchin, C.L., Quaker, A.-L.S., Makupa, P.C., Paddick, S.-M., 2021. Prevalence and 1-year incidence of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) in adults aged ≥50 years attending standard HIV clinical care in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Int. Psychogeriatr. 1–12.

5. Kristiansen, M.B., Shayo, B.C., Philemon, R., Khan, K.S., Rasch, V., Linde, D.S., n.d. Medical management of induced and incomplete first-trimester abortion by non-physicians in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica n/a.

6. Lukambagire, A.S., Mendes, Â.J., Bodenham, R.F., McGiven, J.A., Mkenda, N.A., Mathew, C., Rubach, M.P., Sakasaka, P., Shayo, D.D., Maro, V.P., Shirima, G.M., Thomas, K.M., Kasanga, C.J., Kazwala, R.R., Halliday, J.E.B., Mmbaga, B.T., 2021. Performance characteristics and costs of serological tests for brucellosis in a pastoralist community of northern Tanzania. Scientific Reports 11, 5480.

7. Mosha, J.F., Kulkarni, M.A., Messenger, L.A., Rowland, M., Matowo, N., Pitt, C., Lukole, E., Taljaard, M., Thickstun, C., Manjurano, A., Mosha, F.W., Kleinschmidt, I., Protopopoff, N., 2021. Protocol for a four parallel-arm, single-blind, cluster-randomized trial to assess the effectiveness of three types of dual active ingredient treated nets compared to pyrethroid-only long-lasting insecticidal nets to prevent malaria transmitted by pyrethroid insecticide-resistant vector mosquitoes in Tanzania. BMJ Open 11.

8. Mrema, D., Ngocho, J., Shirima, B.T., Fande, D., Shehoza, R., Alloyce, J.P., Shayo, B.C., Philemon, R., Sunguya, B.F., Balandya, E., Mshana, S.E., Lyamuya, E., Bartlett, J., Mmbaga, B., 2021. Uptake of Cervical Cancer Screening and the Associated Factors Among Women Living With HIV in Northern Tanzania (preprint). In Review.

9. Mremi, A., Yahaya, J.J., Nyindo, M., Mollel, E., 2021. Transfusion-Transmitted Infections and associated risk factors at the Northern Zone Blood Transfusion Center in Tanzania: A study of blood donors between 2017 and 2019. PLOS ONE 16, e0249061.

10. Mwanginde, L.W., Majigo, M., Kajeguka, D.C., Joachim, A., 2021. High Carriage Rate of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella Species among Poultry Meat Vendors in Dar es Salaam: The Urgent Need for Intervention to Prevent the Spread of Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens. International Journal of Microbiology 2021, e6653993.
Ngowi, K., Pima, F., Mmbaga, B.T., Aarnoutse, R.E., Reiss, P., Nieuwkerk, P.T., Sprangers, M., Boer, M.S., 2021. <p>&ldquo;I Wish to Continue Receiving the Reminder Short Messaging Service&rdquo;: A Mixed Methods Study on the Acceptability of Digital Adherence Tools Among Adults Living with HIV on Antiretroviral Treatment in Tanzania</p> [WWW Document]. Patient Preference and Adherence.

11. Rwabilimbo, M.M., Elewonibi, B.R., Yussuf, M.H., Robert, M., Msuya, S.E., Mahande, M.J., 2021. Initiation of postpartum modern contraceptive methods: Evidence from Tanzania demographic and health survey. PLOS ONE 16, e0249017.
Snetselaar, J., Rowland, M.W., Manunda, B.J., Kisengwa, E.M., Small, G.J., Malone, D.J., Mosha, F.W., Kirby, M.J., 2021. Efficacy of indoor residual spraying with broflanilide (TENEBENAL), a novel meta-diamide insecticide, against pyrethroid-resistant anopheline vectors in northern Tanzania: An experimental hut trial. PLOS ONE 16, e0248026.

12. Rolfe, R., Kwobah, C., Muro, F., Ruwanpathirana, A., Lyamuya, F., Bodinayake, C., Nagahawatte, A., Piyasiri, B., Sheng, T., Bollinger, J., Zhang, C., Ostbye, T., Ali, S., Drew, R., Kussin, P., Anderson, D.J., Woods, C.W., Watt, M.H., Mmbaga, B.T., Tillekeratne, L.G., 2021. Barriers to implementing antimicrobial stewardship programs in three low- and middle-income country tertiary care settings: findings from a multi-site qualitative study. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 10, 60.


1.      Chirande, L., Kazimoto, T., Kaaya, E., 2021. Late Presentation, Advanced Disease and Severe Acute Malnutrition are Common Among Children with Cancer in Tanzania. TMJ 32, 93–103.

2.      Kassam, N.A., Kaaya, R.D., Damian, D.J., Schmiegelow, C., Kavishe, R.A., Alifrangis, M., Wang, C.W., 2021. Ten years of monitoring malaria trend and factors associated with malaria test positivity rates in Lower Moshi. Malaria Journal 20, 193.

3.      Kisigo, G.A., Ngocho, J.S., Mwamba, R.N., Knettel, B.A., Relf, M.V., Mmbaga, B.T., Watt, M.H., 2021. HIV Stigmatizing Attitudes Among Men Accompanying Their Partners to Antenatal Care in Tanzania: A Mixed-Method Study. AIDS Behav.

4.      Knettel, B.A., Fernandez, K.M., Wanda, L., Amiri, I., Cassiello-Robbins, C., Watt, M.H., Mmbaga, B.T., Relf, M.V., 2021. The Role of Community Health Workers in HIV Care Engagement: A Qualitative Study of Stakeholder Perspectives in Tanzania. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care Publish Ahead of Print.

5.      Lewis, E.G., Rogathi, J., Kissima, J., Breckons, M., Lee, R., Urasa, S., undefined/ed. A cross-cultural investigation of the conceptualization of frailty in northern Tanzania. Ageing & Society 1–34.

6.      Lockman, S., Brummel, S.S., Ziemba, L., Stranix-Chibanda, L., McCarthy, K., Coletti, A., Jean-Philippe, P., Johnston, B., Krotje, C., Fairlie, L., Hoffman, R.M., Sax, P.E., Moyo, S., Chakhtoura, N., Stringer, J.S., Masheto, G., Korutaro, V., Cassim, H., Mmbaga, B.T., João, E., Hanley, S., Purdue, L., Holmes, L.B., Momper, J.D., Shapiro, R.L., Thoofer, N.K., Rooney, J.F., Frenkel, L.M., Amico, K.R., Chinula, L., Currier, J., Best, B.M., Blanchette, C., Browning, R., Cheng, Y., Fox, A., Jaliaah, N., Knowles, K., Mirochnick, M., Murtaugh, W.A., Patras, E., Pinilla, M., van Wyk, J., Whalen, F., 2021. Efficacy and safety of dolutegravir with emtricitabine and tenofovir alafenamide fumarate or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, and efavirenz, emtricitabine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate HIV antiretroviral therapy regimens started in pregnancy (IMPAACT 2010/VESTED): a multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial. The Lancet 397, 1276–1292.

7.      M, S.B., Km, N., T, S., Fm, P., L, M., Ma, S., P, R., Bt, M., Pt, N., Re, A., 2021. Effect of Digital Adherence Tools on adherence to antiretroviral treatment among adults living with HIV in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a randomized controlled trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr.

8.      Mboya, I.B., Mahande, M.J., Obure, J., Mwambi, H.G., 2021. Predictors of singleton preterm birth using multinomial regression models accounting for missing data: A birth registry-based cohort study in northern Tanzania. PLOS ONE 16, e0249411.

9.      Mlay, C.E., Temu, R.J., Minja, T.F., 2021. Incidence and Predictors of Infections Following Open Fracture Treatment in Northern Tanzania. Journal of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine 3, 39–46.

10.  Mosha, M.V., Msuya, S.E., Kasagama, E., Ayieko, P., Todd, J., Filteau, S., 2021. Prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among primary school children in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. PLOS ONE 16, e0249595.

11.  Mremi, A., Mbwambo, O.J., Bright, F., Mbwambo, J.S., Mteta, K.A., Ngowi, B.N., 2021. Left axillary lymphadenopathy as the initial presentation of metastatic prostate cancer: A rare case report. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 82, 105889.

12.  Ngowi, B.N., Sunguya, B., Herman, A., Chacha, A., Maro, E., Rugarabamu, L.F., Bartlett, J., Balandya, E., Mteta, K.A., Mmbaga, B.T., 2021. Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant UTI Among People Living with HIV in Northern Tanzania. IDR Volume 14, 1623–1633.

13.  Prabhakar, M., Kandhari, N., Shannon, O., Fostier, W., Koehl, C., Rogathi, J., Temu, G., Stephan, B., Gray, W., Paddick, S.M., Haule, I., Mmbaga, B., Walker, R., Siervo, M., 2021. NITRATE-RICH BEETROOT JUICE ALONE OR IN COMBINATION WITH FOLIC ACID REDUCES BLOOD PRESSURE IN HYPERTENSIVE TANZANIAN ADULTS: A DOUBLE-BLIND RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL. Journal of Hypertension 39, e269.

14.  Saleh, F., Kitau, J., Konradsen, F., Mboera, L.E.G., Schiøler, K.L., 2021. Assessment of the core and support functions of the integrated disease surveillance and response system in Zanzibar, Tanzania. BMC Public Health 21, 748.

15.  Shao, E.R., Mboya, I.B., Lyamuya, F., Temu, E., Nkwama, M., Kilonzo, S., Gunda, D.W., Nyombi, B.B., Nyakunya, G., Huda, A., Urasa, S., Kilonzo, K., Maro, V., 2021. Uptake of Cost-Free Hepatitis B Vaccination among Healthcare Workers in Northern Tanzania. TMJ 32, 39–56.

16.  Tilaneh Leyeh Demilow, Bartholomeo Nicholaus Ngowi, Jasper Saidi Mbwambo, Frank Bright, Frank Kiwango, Alfred K Mteta, Orgeness Jasper Mbwambo, 2021. Pen cap in the urinary bladder: A rare type of foreign body in the urinary bladder in a 16 years old female. GSC Adv. Res. Rev. 06, 175–180.


1.      Elahi, C., Adil, S.M., Sakita, F., Mmbaga, B.T., Rocha, T.A.H., Fuller, A., Haglund, M., Vissoci, J.R.N., Staton, C., 2021. How do CRASH and IMPACT Compare to a Machine Learning-Based Predictive Model from Tanzania? Journal of Neurotrauma.

2.      Lodhia, J., Chipongo, H., Chilonga, K., Mchaile, D., Mbwasi, R., Philemon, R., 2021a. Ectopia cordis: A case report of pre-surgical care in a resource-limited setting. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 83, 105965.

3.      Lodhia, J., Suleiman, J., Chipongo, H., Shadrack, M., Msuya, D., Chilonga, K., 2021b. Modified gastrostomy feeding tubes in patients with oesophageal cancer: our experience from Northern Tanzania. Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2021.

4.      Mahande, M.J., Sato, R., Amour, C., Manongi, R., Farah, A., Msuya, S.E., Elewonibi, B., Shah, I., 2021. Predictors of contraceptive discontinuation among postpartum women in Arusha region, Tanzania. Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 6, 15.

5.      Masuke, R., Msuya, S.E., Mahande, J.M., Diarz, E.J., Stray-Pedersen, B., Jahanpour, O., Mgongo, M., 2021. Effect of inappropriate complementary feeding practices on the nutritional status of children aged 6-24 months in urban Moshi, Northern Tanzania: Cohort study. PLOS ONE 16, e0250562.

6.      Mhina, C., Bosworth, H., Bartlett, J.A., Vilme, H., Mosha, J.H., Shoo, D.F., Kakumbi, T.J., Jacob, G., Muiruri, C., 2021. The impact of out-of-pocket expenditures on missed appointments at HIV care and treatment centers in Northern Tanzania. Global Health Journal.

7.      Sadiq, Abid M., Sadiq, Adnan M., Nkya, G.Z., n.d. Advanced lung cancer presenting with malignant pericardial effusion. Clinical Case Reports n/a, e04179.


1.  Knippler, E.T., Mwamba, R.N., Coleman, J.N., Knettel, B.A., Minja, L.M., Kisigo, G.A., Ngocho, J.S., Cichowitz, C., Mmbaga, B.T., Watt, M.H., 2021. Attitudes Toward Pregnancy Among Women Enrolled in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Services in Moshi, Tanzania. AIDS Behav.
2. Lodhia, J., Rashid, S.M., Msemo, A., Philemon, R., Sadiq, A., Chilonga, K., Msuya, D., 2021. Bilateral Subdural Hematoma following Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Insertion in a Ten-month Old Tanzanian Female with Congenital Hydrocephalus: An Uncommon Presentation. 1 5, 17–19.
3. M, E., R, M., C, M., E, M., G, N., R, A., Se, M., M, L., F, M., S, S., 2021. Tanzanian primary healthcare workers’ experiences of antibiotic prescription and understanding of antibiotic resistance in common childhood infections: a qualitative phenomenographic study. Antimicrobial resistance and infection control 10.
4. Mabula, P.L., Kazinyingi, K.I., Chavala, E.C., Mosha, V., Msuya, S.E., Leyaro, B.J., 2021. Prevalence and risk factors for diabetes mellitus among tuberculosis patients in Moshi Municipal Council, Kilimanjaro Tanzania. 1 5, 69–74.
5. Martin, S., John, B., Chung, E., Grounds, S., Bentley, M., Sia, M., Mgongo, M., 2021. Facilitators and Barriers to Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Women Working in the Informal Sector: A Qualitative Exploration in Moshi, Tanzania. Current Developments in Nutrition 5, 781–781.
6. Msuya, N., Alloyce, J., Msuya, D., Chilonga, K., Herman, A., Chugulu, S., 2020. Prognostic Indicators and Short Term Outcomes for Operated Patients with Peritonitis: Prospective Cohort Hospital-Based Study in Northern Tanzania.
7. Orgeness Jasper Mbwambo, James Samwel Ngocho, Emmanuel Mtui, Philemon Rune, Frank Bright, Alfred Kien Mteta, 2021. Short – versus – long-course antibiotics in catheterized patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate. World J. Adv. Res. Rev. 10, 173–179.
8. Philemon, R.N., Mmbaga, B.T., Bartlett, J., Renju, J., Mtuy, T., Mboya, I.B., Msuya, S.E., 2021. <p>Do Women Enrolled in PMTCT Understand the Recommendations: A Case Study from Kilimanjaro</p>. PPA 15, 1301–1309.
9. Rd, K., Dc, K., Jj, M., Aj, N., Fw, M., Jo, C., Ra, K., 2021. Predictive markers of transmission in areas with different malaria endemicity in north-eastern Tanzania based on seroprevalence of antibodies against Plasmodium falciparum.
10.   Orgeness Jasper Mbwambo, James Samwel Ngocho, Emmanuel Mtui, Philemon Rune, Frank Bright, Alfred Kien Mteta, 2021. Short – versus – long-course antibiotics in catheterized patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate. World J. Adv. Res. Rev. 10, 173–179.


1.      Boer, M.S., Ngowi, K., Sonda, T.B., Pima, F.M., Masika, L., Sprangers, M., Reiss, P., Mmbaga, B., Nieuwkerk, B.T., 2021. Effect of Digital Adherence Tools on Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. AIJR Abstracts.
2.      Chamba, N.G., Byashalira, K.C., Eliakimu, P., Daud, P., Shayo, P.J., Ramaiya, K.L., Manongi, R.N., Bygbjerg, I.C., Christensen, I.C., Mpagama, S.G., 2021. Service Availability and Health Care System Readiness in Integrating Dual Tuberculosis and Diabetes Mellitus Services in Tanzania: A Cross-Sectional Survey. AIJR Abstracts.
3.      Chapa, P.J., Mavura, D.R., Philemon, R., Kini, L., Masenga, E.J., 2021. Contributing Factors and Outcome after Cryotherapy of Molluscum Contagiosum among Patients Attending Tertiary Hospital, Northern Tanzania: A Descriptive Prospective Cohort Study. Dermatology Research and Practice 2021, e9653651.
4.      Hemed, A., Yongolo, N., Laizer, S., Biswaro, S., Shayo, A., Mmbaga, B., 2021. Incidence of HIV Infection Among Children Aged Less Than 2 Years Born from HIV Infected Mothers Attending KCMC Hospital in Moshi Urban from January 2014 to December 2015. AIJR Abstracts.
5.      Kilonzo, S.B., Gunda, D.W., Majinge, D.C., Jaka, H., Manyiri, P.M., Kalokola, F., Mtui, G., Shao, E.R., Bakshi, F.A., Stephano, A., 2021. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus infection, anti-HCV antibodies and HIV and knowledge among people who use drugs attending methadone therapy clinic in Tanzania; a cross-sectional study. BMC Infectious Diseases 21, 699.
6.      Lissu, C.A., Volgsten, H., Mazuguni, F., Maro, E., 2021. Proportion, Characteristics and Maternal Outcome of women referred for childbirth to a tertiary hospital in northern Tanzania – a descriptive retrospective study based on a hospital birth registry. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare 100646.
7.      Lodhia, J., Shadrack, M., Msuya, D., Msuya, L., Philemon, R., 2021. Perforated Meckel’s diverticulum in omphalocele in a newborn: A case report of an uncommon presentation from northern Tanzania. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 85, 106246.
8.      Maokola, W.M., Ngowi, B.J., Mahande, M.J., Todd, J., Robert, M., Msuya, S.E., 2021. Impact of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy on Tuberculosis incidence among people living with HIV: A secondary data analysis using Inverse Probability Weighting of individuals attending HIV care and treatment clinics in Tanzania. PLOS ONE 16, e0254082.
9.      Mchome, B., Linde, D.S., Manongi, R., Waldstroem, M., Lftner, T., Wu, C., Mwaisalage, J., Rasch, V., Kjaer, S.K., 2021. Incident detection of human papillomavirus – a prospective follow-up study among Tanzanian women with a focus on HIV status. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 110, 165–170.
10.  Milugo, T.K., Tchouassi, D.P., Kavishe, R.A., Dinglasan, R.R., Torto, B., 2021. Root exudate chemical cues of an invasive plant modulate oviposition behavior and survivorship of a malaria mosquito vector. Sci Rep 11, 14785.
11.  Minja, N.W., Akrabi, H., Yeates, K., Kilonzo, K.G., 2021. Acute Kidney Injury and Associated Factors in Intensive Care Units at a Tertiary Hospital in Northern Tanzania. Can J Kidney Health Dis 8, 20543581211027972.
12.  Miranda-Rius, J., Brunet-Llobet, L., Blanc, V., Álvarez, G., Moncunill-Mira, J., Mashala, E.I., Kasebele, Y., Masenga, G., Nadal, A., León, R., 2021. Microbial profile of placentas from Tanzanian mothers with adverse pregnancy outcomes and periodontitis. Oral Dis.
13.  Msoka, E.F., Gutnik, L., Cyril, A.M., Kitali, B.C., Saria, V.F., Kwayu, J.C., Kavishe, A.A., Msoka, P.C., Herman, A., Serventi, F., Masenga, G.G., Fayanju, O., Fish, L., Mmbaga, B.T., 2021. Abstract 77: Health Care Providers and Traditional Healers Perspectives on Late Diagnosis of Breast Cancer in Tanzania: A Qualitative Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 30, 77.
14.  Orgeness Jasper Mbwambo, James Samwel Ngocho, Emmanuel Mtui, Philemon Rune, Frank Bright, Alfred Kien Mteta, 2021. Short – versus – long course antibiotics in catheterized patients undergoing transurethral resection of prostate. World J. Adv. Res. Rev. 10, 173–179.
15.  Prattipati, S., Sakita, F.M., Kweka, G.L., Tarimo, T.G., Peterson, T., Mmbaga, B.T., Thielman, N.M., Limkakeng, A.T., Bloomfield, G.S., Hertz, J.T., 2021. Heart failure care and outcomes in a Tanzanian emergency department: A prospective observational study. PLOS ONE 16, e0254609.
16.  Sadiq, Abid M., Assey, E.V., Sadiq, Adnan M., Dekker, M.C.J., Howlett, W.P., 2021. Fatal cerebral venous sinus thrombosis as a manifestation of uncontrolled systemic lupus erythematosus in a young African female. Clinical Case Reports 9, e04454.
17.  Sumbai, F., Damas, D., Olekuney, M., Hemed, A., Laizer, S., Maro, R., Msoka, P., Biswaro, S., Minja, S., Mmbaga, B., 2021. Prevalence, Factors, and Complications of Knee Osteoarthritis Among Adult Patients, Attending Orthopedic Clinic at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Kilimanjaro. AIJR Abstracts.


1.     Assey, E.V., Sadiq, Abid M., Swai, M.J., Sadiq, Adnan M., Dekker, M.C.J., 2021. Idiopathic Arachnoiditis of the Cauda Equina: A Case Report from Tanzania. CRN 13, 535–540.
2.     Chuwa, B.B., Njau, L.A., Msigwa, K.I., Shao, E., 2021. Prevalence and factors associated with self-medication with antibiotics among University students in Moshi Kilimanjaro Tanzania. African Health Sciences 21, 633–639.
3.     Halima Jasper Mbwambo, Orgeness Jasper Mbwambo, Frank Boniphas Bright, Alfred Chacha Charles, Kien Alfred Mteta, Japer Said Mbwambo, Bartholomeo Nicholaus Ngowi, 2021a. Microbiological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern among patients with urinary tract infection in northern Tanzania. GSC Biol. and Pharm. Sci. 16, 312–318.
4.     Hansson, J., Hörnfeldt, A., Björling, G., Mattsson, J., 2021. The Healthcare Staffs’ Perception of Parents’ Participation in Critical Incidents at the PICU, a Qualitative Study. Nursing Reports 11, 680–689.
5.     Kiula, F.E., Mjingo, E.E., Mremi, A.R., Chilongola, J.O., Munishi, L.K., 2021. Prevalence and histopathological characterization of Masai Giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi ) skin disease in Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem, Northern Tanzania. Veterinary Quarterly 1–8.
6.     Mandari, F.N., Ali, A., 2021. Late Presenting Traumatic Obturator Dislocation-A Rare Case Report. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 03, 5115.
7.     Mbwambo, O.J., n.d. Challenges in Management of Primary Urethral Carcinoma: Case Series and Literature Review 6, 5.
8.     Mohammed, M., Mwambi, H., Mboya, I.B., Elbashir, M.K., Omolo, B., 2021. A stacking ensemble deep learning approach to cancer type classification based on TCGA data. Sci Rep 11, 15626.
9.     Mrindoko, P., Mselle, M., Meleki, E., Kimambo, E., Mchaile, D., Lodhia, J., 2021. Ileal Atresia in a 10-day-old male baby: A case report. SAGE Open Medical Case Reports 9, 2050313X211042983.
10.                             Sosa, A.L., Albanese, E., Prince, M., Acosta, D., Ferri, C.P., Guerra, M., Huang, Y., Jacob, K., de Rodriguez, J.L., Salas, A., Yang, F., Gaona, C., Joteeshwaran, A., Rodriguez, G., de la Torre, G.R., Williams, J.D., Stewart, R., 2009. Population normative data for the 10/66 Dementia Research Group cognitive test battery from Latin America, India and China: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Neurol 9, 48.
11.                             Stražar, M., Temba, G.S., Vlamakis, H., Kullaya, V.I., Lyamuya, F., Mmbaga, B.T., Joosten, L.A.B., van der Ven, A.J.A.M., Netea, M.G., de Mast, Q., Xavier, R.J., 2021. Gut microbiome-mediated metabolism effects on immunity in rural and urban African populations. Nat Commun 12, 4845.
12.                             Wangensteen, S., Granseth, S., Msuya, M., Haugen, K., 2021. Norwegian nursing students’ experiences of theoretical and clinical studies in Tanzania: A descriptive qualitative study. Nordic Journal of Nursing Research 20571585211023240.
13.                        Kumalija, M.S., Chilongola, J.O., Budodo, R.M., Horumpende, P.G., Mkumbaye, S.I., Vianney, J.-M., Mwakapuja, R.S., Mmbaga, B.T., n.d. Detection of Rift Valley Fever virus inter-epidemic activity in Kilimanjaro Region, North Eastern Tanzania. Glob Health Action 14, 1957554.


1.      Christensen, D.L., Jørgensen, S.W., Koch, L.S., Nordsborg, N.B., Sironga, J., Ramaiya, K.L., Larsen, S., Brage, S., Bygbjerg, I.C., Maro, V.P., Helge, J.W., 2021. Directly measured aerobic fitness in male Maasai of Tanzania. Am J Hum Biol e23674.
2.      Gnanamuttupulle, M., Henke, O., Ntundu, S., Serventi, F., Mwakipunda, L., Amsi, P., Mremi, A., Msuya, D., Chugulu, S., 2021. Clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer patients from Northern Tanzania: common aspects of late stage presentation and triple negative breast cancer. ecancermedicalscience 15.
3.      Gray, W.K., Paddick, S.-M., Ogunniyi, A., Olakehinde, O., Dotchin, C., Kissima, J., Urasa, S., Kisoli, A., Rogathi, J., Mushi, D., Adebiyi, A., Haule, I., Robinson, L., Walker, R., 2021. Population normative data for three cognitive screening tools for older adults in sub-Saharan Africa. Dement. neuropsychol. 15, 339–349.
4.      Ibrahimu Sugwa Mathias, Mhembe Malongo Tanu, Swabra Mohammed Issa, Orgeness Jasper Mbwambo, 2021. Rate and reasons for discarding blood and blood product units at the Northern Zone Blood Transfusion Centre in Tanzania. GSC Adv. Res. Rev. 8, 102–107.
5.      John, L., Odero, N., Nziku, J., Njau, B., 2021. Gap analysis between expectations and perceptions of pregnant women attending Prevention of Maternal to Child Transmission of HIV services in a private referral hospital in northern Tanzania: A cross-sectional descriptive study. PLOS ONE 16, e0257771.
6.      Mcharo, R.D., Mayaud, P., Msuya, S.E., 2021. Where and how do young people like to get their sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information? Experiences from students in higher learning institutions in Mbeya, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 21, 1683.
7.      Mnyambwa, N.P., Philbert, D., Kimaro, G., Wandiga, S., Kirenga, B., Mmbaga, B.T., Muttamba, W., Najjingo, I., Walusimbi, S., Nuwarinda, R., Okelloh, D., Semvua, H., Ngocho, J., Senkoro, M., Stephen, O., Castelnuovo, B., Wilfred, A., Mgina, E., Sanga, C., Aman, F., Kahwa, A., Mfinanga, S., Ngadaya, E., 2021. Gaps related to screening and diagnosis of tuberculosis in care cascade in selected health facilities in East Africa countries: A retrospective study. Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases 25, 100278.
8.      Mwimo, J.L., Somoka, S., Leyaro, B.J., Amour, C., Mao, E., Mboya, I.B., 2021. Knowledge, attitude and practice of physical activity among patients with diabetes in Kilimanjaro region, Northern Tanzania: a descriptive cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 11, e046841.
9.      Nyalile, K.B., Sadiq, Abid M, Sadiq, Adnan M, Shao, E.R., 2021. Loss of consciousness during air travel: A case of lung bullae. Oxford Medical Case Reports 2021.
10.  Tarimo, C.S., Bhuyan, S.S., Li, Q., Ren, W., Mahande, M.J., Wu, J., 2021. Combining Resampling Strategies and Ensemble Machine Learning Methods to Enhance Prediction of Neonates with a Low Apgar Score After Induction of Labor in Northern Tanzania</p>. RMHP 14, 3711–3720.
11.  Wilkinson, K.A., Maokola, W.M., Ngowi, B.J., Mahande, M.J., Todd, J., Robert, M., Msuya, S.E., 2021. Impact of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy on Tuberculosis incidence among people living with HIV: A secondary data analysis using Inverse Probability Weighting of individuals attending HIV care and treatment clinics in Tanzania. S1 Dataset [WWW Document]. PLOS ONE.
12.  Zadoks, R.N., Barker, G.C., Benschop, J., Allan, K.J., Chaters, G., Cleaveland, S., Crump, J.A., Davis, M.A., Mmbaga, B.T., Prinsen, G., Thomas, K.M., Waldman, L., French, N.P., n.d. Spread of Nontyphoidal Salmonella in the Beef Supply Chain in Northern Tanzania: Sensitivity in a Probabilistic Model Integrating Microbiological Data and Data from Stakeholder Interviews. Risk Analysis n/a.


1.    Ali, F., Msuya, S.E., Mamseri, R., Mgongo, M., Mboya, I.B., 2021. Time to cessation of exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among women with children aged 6–24 months in Kilimanjaro region, northern Tanzania: A community-based cross-sectional study. PLOS ONE 16, e0259041.

2.    Asia Hemed, K., Sweetness Naftal, L., Perry M, C., Zuhura, L., Nateiya M, Y., Neema Allen, N., Irene, H., Blandina Theophil, M., Agnes Cyril, M., 2021. A qualitative study on perspectives of pregnant and postnatal mothers on accessing Tetanus Toxoid vaccine in Hai District Kilimanjaro region Tanzania. J Gynecol Res Obstet 042–049.

3.    Hosaka, K.R.J., Mmbaga, B.T., Gallis, J.A., Dow, D.E., 2021. Feasibility and acceptability of a peer youth-led curriculum to improve HIV knowledge in Northern Tanzania: resilience and intervention experience from the perspective of peer leaders. BMC Public Health 21, 1925.

4.    Kassam, N.A., Kulaya, N., Kaaya, R.D., Schmiegelow, C., Wang, C.W., Kavishe, R.A., Alifrangis, M., 2021. Use of anti-gSG6-P1 IgG as a serological biomarker to assess temporal exposure to Anopheles’ mosquito bites in Lower Moshi. PLOS ONE 16, e0259131.

5.    Knettel, B.A., Muhirwa, A., Wanda, L., Amiri, I., Muiruri, C., Fernandez, K.M., Watt, M.H., Mmbaga, B.T., Relf, M.V., 2021. Patient perspectives on the helpfulness of a community health worker program for HIV care engagement in Tanzania. AIDS Care 0, 1–8.

6.    Madut, D.B., Rubach, M.P., Bonnewell, J.P., Cutting, E.R., Carugati, M., Kalengo, N., Maze, M.J., Morrissey, A.B., Mmbaga, B.T., Lwezaula, B.F., Kinabo, G., Mbwasi, R., Kilonzo, K.G., Maro, V.P., Crump, J.A., 2021. Trends in fever case management for febrile inpatients in a low malaria incidence setting of Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health.

7.    Mganga, A.E., Renju, J., Todd, J., Mahande, M.J., Vyas, S., 2021. Development of a women’s empowerment index for Tanzania from the demographic and health surveys of 2004–05, 2010, and 2015–16. Emerg Themes Epidemiol 18, 13.

8.    Migliori, G.B., Marx, F.M., Ambrosino, N., Zampogna, E., Schaaf, H.S., van der Zalm, M.M., Allwood, B., Byrne, A.L., Mortimer, K., Wallis, R.S., Fox, G.J., Leung, C.C., Chakaya, J.M., Seaworth, B., Rachow, A., Marais, B.J., Furin, J., Akkerman, O.W., Al Yaquobi, F., Amaral, A.F.S., Borisov, S., Caminero, J.A., Carvalho, A.C.C., Chesov, D., Codecasa, L.R., Teixeira, R.C., Dalcolmo, M.P., Datta, S., Dinh-Xuan, A.-T., Duarte, R., Evans, C.A., García-García, J.-M., Günther, G., Hoddinott, G., Huddart, S., Ivanova, O., Laniado-Laborín, R., Manga, S., Manika, K., Mariandyshev, A., Mello, F.C.Q., Mpagama, S.G., Muñoz-Torrico, M., Nahid, P., Ong, C.W.M., Palmero, D.J., Piubello, A., Pontali, E., Silva, D.R., Singla, R., Spanevello, A., Tiberi, S., Udwadia, Z.F., Vitacca, M., Centis, R., D´Ambrosio, L., Sotgiu, G., Lange, C., Visca, D., 2021. Clinical standards for the assessment, management and rehabilitation of post-TB lung disease. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 25, 797–813.

9.    Nyalile, K.B., Shewiyo, E.J., Sadiq, A., Maringo, B.E., Mosha, F.A., Mbwasi, R.M., Mchaile, D.N., Shayo, A.M., Msuya, S.E., 2021. Shaken baby syndrome: the first case reported in East Africa: case report. PAMJ – Clinical Medicine 7.

10. Osaki, H., Sao, S.S., Kisigo, G.A., Coleman, J.N., Mwamba, R.N., Renju, J., Mmbaga, B.T., Watt, M.H., 2021. Male engagement guidelines in antenatal care: unintended consequences for pregnant women in Tanzania. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 21, 720.

11. Philippin, H., Matayan, E., Knoll, K.M., Macha, E., Mbishi, S., Makupa, A., Matsinhe, C., da Gama, V., Monjane, M., Ncheda, A.J., Mulobuana, F.A., Muna, E., Fopoussi, N., Gazzard, G., Marques, A.P., Shah, P., Macleod, D., Makupa, W.U., Burton, M.J., 2021. Selective laser trabeculoplasty versus 0·5% timolol eye drops for the treatment of glaucoma in Tanzania: a randomized controlled trial. The Lancet Global Health.

12. Prattipati, S., Mlangi, J.J., Tarimo, T.G., Kweka, G.L., Thielman, N.M., Bettger, J.P., Mmbaga, B.T., Sakita, F.M., Hertz, J.T., 2021. Knowledge, attitudes, and preventive practices regarding ischemic heart disease among HIV-positive individuals in northern Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health.

13. Sadiq, Abid M, Mjemmas, M.G., Sadiq, Adnan M, Nkya, G.Z., 2021. Sarcomatoid hepatocellular carcinoma in a young African female. SAGE Open Medical Case Reports 9, 2050313X211052452.

14. Skevaki, C., Ngocho, J.S., Amour, C., Schmid-Grendelmeier, P., Mmbaga, B.T., Renz, H., 2021. Epidemiology and management of asthma and atopic dermatitis in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 0.

15. Suleman, M., Shadrack, M., Msuya, D., Chugulu, S., Chilonga, K., Mchaile, D., Kilonzo, K., Lodhia, J., 2021. Foley catheter used for peritoneal dialysis. Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports 75, 102085.

16. Zuberi, Z., Mremi, A., Chilongola, J.O., Semango, G., Sauli, E., 2021. Expression analysis of p16 and TOP2A protein biomarkers in cervical cancer lesions and their correlation with clinico-histopathological characteristics in a referral hospital, Tanzania. PLOS ONE 16, e0259096.


1.    Azizi, S., Snetselaar, J., Kaaya, R., Matowo, J., Onen, H., Shayo, M., Kisengwa, E., Tilya, E., Manunda, B., Mawa, B., Mosha, F., Kirby, M., 2021. The First GLP Compliant Study in Africa for the Evaluation of LLIN’s; Efficacy of SafeNet® and SafeNet NF® (preprint). In Review.

2.    Kaaya, R.D., Kavishe, R.A., Tenu, F.F., Matowo, J.J., Mosha, F.W., Drakeley, C., Sutherland, C.J., Beshir, K.B., 2021. Deletions of the Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein 2/3 genes are common in field isolates from north-eastern Tanzania (preprint). In Review.

3.    Letara, N., Ngocho, J.S., Karami, N., Msuya, S.E., Nyombi, B., Kassam, N.A., Skovbjerg, S., Åhren, C., Philemon, R., Mmbaga, B.T., 2021. Prevalence and patient-related factors associated with Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae carriage and infection among pediatric patients in Tanzania. Sci Rep 11, 22759.

4.    Njau, B., Mhando, G., Jeremiah, D., Mushi, D., 2021. Correlates of Sexual Risky Behaviours, HIV Testing, and HIV Testing Intention among Sexually Active Youths in Northern Tanzania. EA Health Research Journal 5, 151–158.

5.    Shayo, A., Mlay, P., Ahn, E., Kidanto, H., Espiritu, M., Perlman, J., 2021. Neonatal Mortality is Modulated by Gestational Age, Birthweight and Fetal Heart Rate Abnormalities in the Low Resource Setting in Tanzania – a Five Year Review 2015-201.


1.     Bonnewell, J.P., Rubach, M.P., Madut, D.B., Carugati, M., Maze, M.J., Kilonzo, K.G., Lyamuya, F., Marandu, A., Kalengo, N.H., Lwezaula, B.F., Mmbaga, B.T., Maro, V.P., Crump, J.A., 2021. Performance Assessment of the Universal Vital Assessment Score vs Other Illness Severity Scores for Predicting Risk of In-Hospital Death Among Adult Febrile Inpatients in Northern Tanzania, 2016-2019. JAMA Network Open 4, e2136398.
2.     Katanga, J., Pembe, A., Rasch, V., Manongi, R., Kjaer, S.K., Mwaiselage, J., n.d. Exploring inclusion of rapid HPV DNA testing in primary cervical cancer screening in Tanzania – role of HIV status 5.
3.     Lissenden, N., Armistead, J., Gleave, K., Irish, S., Martin, J., Messenger, L., Moore, S., Ngufor, C., Protopopoff, N., Oxborough, R., Spiers, A., Lees, R., 2022. Developing Consensus Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to Evaluate New Types of Insecticide-Treated Nets. Insects 13, 7.
4.     Middleton, D.R.S., Mmbaga, B.T., Menya, D., Dzamalala, C., Nyakunga-Maro, G., Finch, P., Mlombe, Y., Schüz, J., McCormack, V., Kigen, N., Oduor, M., Maina, S.K., Some, F., Kibosia, C., Mwasamwaja, A., Mremi, A., Kiwelu, I., Swai, R., Kiwelu, G., Mustapha, S., Mghase, E., Mchome, A., Shao, R., Mallya, E., Kilonzo, K., Kamkwantira, A., Kamdolozi, M., Liomba, G., Chasimpha, S., Narh, C., Bouaoun, L., Abedi-Ardekani, B., Mushi, G., Namwai, T., Suwedi, M., Solomon, T., Malamba, R., Carreira, C., 2021. Alcohol consumption and oesophageal squamous cell cancer risk in east Africa: findings from the large multicentre ESCCAPE case-control study in Kenya, Tanzania, and Malawi. The Lancet Global Health 0.
5.     Mohammed, M., Mboya, I.B., Mwambi, H., Elbashir, M.K., Omolo, B., 2021. Predictors of colorectal cancer survival using cox regression and random survival forests models based on gene expression data. PLOS ONE 16, e0261625.
6.     Pisharody, S., Rubach, M.P., Carugati, M., Nicholson, W.L., Perniciaro, J.L., Biggs, H.M., Maze, M.J., Hertz, J.T., Halliday, J.E.B., Allan, K.J., Mmbaga, B.T., Saganda, W., Lwezaula, B.F., Kazwala, R.R., Cleaveland, S., Maro, V.P., Crump, J.A., 2021. Incidence Estimates of Acute Q Fever and Spotted Fever Group Rickettsioses, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, from 2007 to 2008 and from 2012 to 2014. Am J Trop Med Hyg tpmd201036.
7.     Q, S., D, M., J, N., H, H., R, K., M, A., 2021. Ultrasensitive qPCR-Based Detection of Plasmodium falciparum in Pregnant Women Using Dried Blood or Whole Blood Pellet Samples Processed through Different DNA Extraction Methods. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene.
8.     Subedi, N., Bhattarai, S., Mremi, A., Ntakirutimana, G., Ndayisaba, M.C., Rugwizangoga, B., Mbarushimana, D., Hategekimana, E., Tuyizere, V., Paganelli, C., 2021. Building Capacity and Infrastructure at Hospitals Implementing Minimally Invasive Tissue Sampling: Experience and Lessons Learned From Nepal, Rwanda, and Tanzania. Clinical Infectious Diseases 73, S396–S400.
9.     Tarimo, C.S., Bhuyan, S.S., Li, Q., Mahande, M.J.J., Wu, J., Fu, X., 2021. Validating machine learning models for the prediction of labour induction intervention using routine data: a registry-based retrospective cohort study at a tertiary hospital in northern Tanzania. BMJ Open 11, e051925.
10.                             Tarmohamed, M., Mashambo, A., Sadiq, A., Mremi, A., Chilonga, K., 2021. Ectopic uterus? A rare presentation of a giant leiomyoma in the posterior mediastinum. Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2021, rjab584.


1.     Buckle, G.C., Mrema, A., Mwachiro, M., Ringo, Y., Selekwa, M., Mulima, G., Some, F.F., Mmbaga, B.T., Mody, G.N., Zhang, L., Paciorek, A., Akoko, L., Ayuo, P., Burgert, S., Bukusi, E., Charles, A., Chepkemoi, W., Chesumbai, G., Kaimila, B., Kenseko, A., Kibwana, K.S., Koech, D., Macharia, C., Moirana, E.N., Mushi, B.P., Mremi, A., Mwaiselage, J., Mwanga, A., Ndumbalo, J., Nvakunga, G., Ngoma, M., Oduor, M., Oloo, M., Opakas, J., Parker, R., Seno, S., Salima, A., Servent, F., Wandera, A., Westmoreland, K.D., White, R.E., Williams, B., Mmbaga, E.J., Van Loon, K., of the African Esophageal Cancer Consortium (AfrECC), 2022. Treatment outcomes of esophageal cancer in Eastern Africa: protocol of a multi-center, prospective, observational, open cohort study. BMC Cancer 22, 82.
2.     Dow, D.E., O’Donnell, K.E., Mkumba, L., Gallis, J.A., Turner, E.L., Boshe, J., Shayo, A.M., Cunningham, C.K., Mmbaga, B.T., 2022. Sauti ya Vijana (SYV; The Voice of Youth): Longitudinal Outcomes of an Individually Randomized Group Treatment Pilot Trial for Young People Living with HIV in Tanzania. AIDS Behav.
3.     George, G., Murphy, D.C., Hogg, H.D.J., Boniface, J.B., Urasa, S., Rwiza, J., Uwemeye, L., Bristow, C., Hillsmith, G., Rainey, E., Walker, R., Gray, W.K., Maria-Paddick, S., 2022. Evaluation of a low-resource screening strategy for ophthalmic pathologies and associated neurological morbidity in an older Tanzanian HIV-positive population. Sci Rep 12, 1434.
4.     Lodhia, J., Msuya, D., Sadiq, A., Philemon, R., 2022. Intraperitoneal Cerebrospinal Pseudocyst: A case report of a complication in a child with Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt. Tanzania Medical Journal 33, 116–123.
5.     Matowo, J., Weetman, D., Pignatelli, P., Wright, A., Charlwood, J.D., Kaaya, R., Shirima, B., Moshi, O., Lukole, E., Mosha, J., Manjurano, A., Mosha, F., Rowland, M., Protopopoff, N., 2022. Expression of pyrethroid metabolizing P450 enzymes characterizes highly resistant Anopheles vector species targeted by successful deployment of PBO-treated bednets in Tanzania. PLoS One 17, e0249440.
6.     Misso, K.K., Elisante, J., Mganga, D., Poppe, V., Tarmohammed, M., Nkoronko, M., Msuya, D., 2022. Bilateral chylothorax following neck dissection on a child—Diagnosis and management in resource-limited settings: a case report. Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2022, rjab600.
7.     Mligiliche, N.L., Rwomurushaka, E.S., Masinga, J., Ntigga, F.B., Mtoro, S., 2022. Prevalence and Predictors of Occupational Health Hazards among Nurses Working in Health Care Facilities at Moshi Municipal, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Tanzania Medical Journal 33, 16–31.
8.     Pancras, G., Sunguya, B.F., Sirili, N., Balandya, E., Lyamuya, E., Mmbaga, B.T., 2022. The role of community advisory boards in community-based HIV clinical trials: a qualitative study from Tanzania. BMC Medical Ethics 23, 1.


1.     Boahen, C.K., Temba, G.S., Kullaya, V.I., Matzaraki, V., Joosten, L.A.B., Kibiki, G., Mmbaga, B.T., van der Ven, A., de Mast, Q., Netea, M.G., Kumar, V., 2022. A functional genomics approach in Tanzanian population identifies distinct genetic regulators of cytokine production compared to European population. The American Journal of Human Genetics.
2.     Chamba, N., Byashalira, K., Shayo, P., Ramaiya, K., Manongi, R., Daud, P., Mmbaga, B., Ntinginya, N., Lillebaek, T., Bygbjerg, I., Christensen, D., Mpagama, S., 2022. Where can Tanzania health system integrate clinical management of patients with dual tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus? A cross-sectional survey at varying levels of health facilities. Public Health in Practice 3, 100242.
3.     Chilongola, J., Rwegoshola, K., Semvua, H., Kwigizile, E., 2022a. A community-based survey on COVID-19 Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Vaccination Hesitance in Moshi, Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania (preprint). In Review.
4.     Chussi, D.C., Kayuza, M., Magwizi, M., Shija, P., Sadiq, A., Amsi, P., Katundu, D., Mtenga, P., 2022. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis in a diabetes type 2 patient: A fatal case report from northern Tanzania. SAGE Open Medical Case Reports 10, 2050313X221078721.
5.     Goodluck, G., Gnanamuttupulle, M., Sadiq, A., Msuya, D., Chugulu, S., Lodhia, J., 2022. Jejunoileal Atresia in a Newborn: Our Experience From Northern Tanzania and Literature Review. Clin Med Insights Pediatr 16, 11795565221075312.
6.     Hosaka, K.R.J., Mmbaga, B.T., Shayo, A.M., Gallis, J.A., Turner, E.L., O’Donnell, K.E., Cunningham, C.K., Boshe, J., Dow, D.E., 2022. A group-based mental health intervention for Tanzanian youth living with HIV: Secondary analysis of a pilot trial. Medicine 101, e28693.
7.     Kamoen, O., Nyalile, K., Libent, L., Assenga, C., Mkwizu, E., Lyamuya, F., Sadiq, A., Howlett, W., Dekker, M., 2022. An unusual case of nontraumatic myelopathy in a TB/HIV coinfected patient in Tanzania. Neuroimmunology Reports 2, 100076.
8.     Mangi, G., Mlay, P., Oneko, O., Maokola, W., swai, P., 2022. Postoperative complications and risk factors among women who underwent caesarean delivery from Northern Tanzania: a hospital-based analytical cross-sectional study (preprint). In Review.
9.     Mremi, A., Rwenyagila, D., Mlay, J., 2022. Prevalence of post-partum anemia and associated factors among women attending public primary health care facilities: An institutional based cross-sectional study. PLOS ONE 17, e0263501.
10.          Ngowi, B.N., Bright, F., Mbwambo, J.S., Mmbaga, B.T., Lekei, E., Kimolo, M., Mteta, K.A., Mbwambo, O.J., 2022. Perineal ectopic testis in adult: Experience from tertiary hospital, northern Tanzania. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 106817.
11.          Obasi, A., Seekles, M., Boshe, J., Dow, D., Mmbaga, B., Ngakongwa, F., Okello, E., Renju, J., Shayo, E., Simbee, G., Todd, J., Oriyo, N., 2022. Adolescent mental health research in Tanzania: a study protocol for a priority setting exercise and the development of an interinstitutional capacity strengthening programme. BMJ Open 12, e054163.
12.          Sadiq, A.M., Katundu, D.R., Akrabi, H.F., 2022. A case of sudden mixed hearing loss in SARS-CoV-2. SAGE Open Medical Case Reports 10, 2050313X221080642.
13.          Staton, C.A., Zadey, S., O’Leary, P., Phillips, A., Minja, L., Swahn, M.H., Hirshon, J.M., Boshe, J., Sakita, F., Vissoci, J.R.N., Mmbaga, B.T., 2022. PRACT: a pragmatic randomized adaptive clinical trial protocol to investigate a culturally adapted brief negotiational intervention for alcohol use in the emergency department in Tanzania. Trials 23, 120.
14.          Tungu, P.K., Rowland, M.W., Messenger, L.A., Small, G.J., Bradley, J., Snetselaar, J., Kirby, M.J., Mbewe, N.J., 2022. Large-scale (Phase III) evaluation of broflanilide 50WP (VECTRONTM T500) for indoor residual spraying for malaria vector control in Northeast Tanzania: study protocol for a two-arm, non-inferiority, cluster-randomised community trial. BMC Infectious Diseases 22, 171.


1.     Amour, M., Sangeda, R.Z., Kidenya, B., Balandya, E., Mmbaga, B.T., Machumi, L., Rugarabamu, A., Aris, E., Njiro, B.J., Ndumwa, H.P., Lyamuya, E., Sunguya, B.F., 2022. Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy by Medication Possession Ratio and Virological Suppression among Adolescents and Young Adults Living with HIV in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease 7, 52.
2.     Chamba, N.G., Byashalira, K.C., Shayo, P.J., Ramaiya, K.L., Manongi, R.N., Daud, P., Mmbaga, B.T., Ntinginya, N.E., Lillebaek, T., Bygbjerg, I.C., Christensen, D.L., Mpagama, S.G., 2022. Where can Tanzania health system integrate clinical management of patients with dual tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus? A cross-sectional survey at varying levels of health facilities. Public Health in Practice 100242.
3.     Costales, C., Crump, J.A., Mremi, A.R., Amsi, P.T., Kalengo, N.H., Kilonzo, K.G., Kinabo, G., Lwezaula, B.F., Lyamuya, F., Marandu, A., Mbwasi, R., Mmbaga, B.T., Mosha, C., Carugati, M., Madut, D.B., Nelson, A.M., Maze, M.J., Matkovic, E., Zaki, S.R., Maro, V.P., Rubach, M.P., 2022. Performance of Xpert Ultra nasopharyngeal swab for identification of tuberculosis deaths in northern Tanzania. Clinical Microbiology and Infection.
4.     Croughs, M., Nyakunga, G.B., Sakita, F.M., Kilonzo, K., Mmbaga, B.T., Soentjens, P., 2022. Incidence and predictors of severe altitude illness symptoms in Mt. Kilimanjaro hikers; a prospective cohort study. Journal of Travel Medicine taac044.
5.     Hertz, J.T., Prattipati, S., Kweka, G.L., Mlangi, J.J., Tarimo, T.G., Mmbaga, B.T., Thielman, N.M., Sakita, F.M., Rubach, M.P., Bloomfield, G.S., Manavalan, P., 2022. Prevalence and predictors of uncontrolled hypertension, diabetes, and obesity among adults with HIV in northern Tanzania. Global Public Health 0, 1–13.
6.     Kamoen, O., Nyalile, K., Libent, L., Assenga, C., Mkwizu, E., Lyamuya, F., Sadiq, A., Howlett, W., Dekker, M., 2022. An unusual case of nontraumatic myelopathy in a TB/HIV coinfected patient in Tanzania. Neuroimmunology Reports 2, 100076.
7.     Knettel, B.A., Knettel, C.T., Sakita, F., Myers, J.G., Edward, T., Minja, L., Mmbaga, B.T., Vissoci, J.R.N., Staton, C., 2022. Predictors of ICU admission and patient outcome for traumatic brain injury in a Tanzanian referral hospital: Implications for improving treatment guidelines. Injury.
8.     Martin, J.L., Messenger, L.A., Mosha, F.W., Lukole, E., Mosha, J.F., Kulkarni, M., Churcher, T.S., Sherrard-Smith, E., Manjurano, A., Protopopoff, N., Rowland, M., 2022. Durability of three types of dual active ingredient long-lasting insecticidal net compared to a pyrethroid-only LLIN in Tanzania: methodology for a prospective cohort study nested in a cluster randomized controlled trial. Malaria Journal 21, 96.
9.  Mosha, J.F., Kulkarni, M.A., Lukole, E., Matowo, N.S., Pitt, C., Messenger, L.A., Mallya, E., Jumanne, M., Aziz, T., Kaaya, R., Shirima, B.A., Isaya, G., Taljaard, M., Martin, J., Hashim, R., Thickstun, C., Manjurano, A., Kleinschmidt, I., Mosha, F.W., Rowland, M., Protopopoff, N., 2022. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness against malaria of three types of dual-active-ingredient long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) compared with pyrethroid-only LLINs in Tanzania: a four-arm, cluster-randomised trial. The Lancet 399, 1227–1241.
10. Msanga, D.R., Silago, V., Massoza, T., Kidenya, B.R., Balandya, E., Mirambo, M.M., Sunguya, B., Mmbaga, B.T., Lyamuya, E., Bartlet, J., Mshana, S.E., 2022. High Fecal Carriage of Multidrug Resistant Bacteria in the Community among Children in Northwestern Tanzania. Pathogens 11, 379.
11.   Sn, V., C, M., Bn, N., Oj, M., Ka, M., Sr, P., 2022. Disseminating surgical experience for sustainable benefits – the Urolink experience. BJU international.
12.   Wajanga, B.M.K., Kim, C.Y., Peck, R.N., Bartlett, J., Mabula, D., Juma, A., Muiruri, C., 2022. Is lack of health insurance a predictor of worsening of heart failure among adult patients attending referral hospitals in Northwestern Tanzania? PLOS ONE 17, e0264352.
13.   Zekeya, N., Ibrahim, M., Mamiro, B., Ndossi, H., Kilonzo, M., Mkangara, M., Chacha, M., Chilongola, J., Kideghesho, J., 2022. Potential of natural phenolic compounds as antioxidant and treatment of chronic diseases from Africa medicinal plant; Bersama abyssinica (Meliathaceae). Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.
14.    Trinitas, J., Msuya, M., Wilson, G.R., Siegfried, J., 2022. Promoting Nurse Practicioner Practice: Why Is The Role Important For Tanzania And How Will It Help Augment Health Care In Sub-Saharan Africa? ScienceOpen Preprints.


1.     Balandya, E., Sunguya, B., Kidenya, B., Nyamhanga, T., Minja, I.K., Mahande, M., Mmbaga, B.T., Mshana, S.E., Mteta, K., Bartlett, J., Lyamuya, E., 2022. Joint Research Mentoring Through the Community of Young Research Peers: A Case for a Unifying Model for Research Mentorship at Higher Learning Institutions. AMEP 13, 355–367.
2.     Chamba, N.G., Sadiq, A.M., Kyala, N.J., Mosha, J.E., Muhina, I.A., Said, F.H., Shao, E.R., 2022. Initial treatment of myxedema coma using oral levothyroxine: a case report from Tanzania. Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports 2022.
3.     Krauth, S.J., Yongolo, N., Biswaro, S., Kelly, C., Walker, R.W., Siebert, S., Deidda, M., NIHR Global health Research Group on Arthritis inTanzania, Wyke, S., Halliday, J., Mmbaga, B.T., McIntosh, E., 2022. P105 Prevalence and associated factors of musculoskeletal joint disease in the community setting in Hai district, northern Tanzania. Rheumatology 61, keac133.104.
4.     Lodhia, J., Chugulu, S., Tendai, J., Philemon, R., 2022. Esophageal stenosis: A case of delayed dysphagia in an infant from northern Tanzania. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 93, 107014.
5.     Macha, A.P., Temu, R., Olotu, F., Seth, N.P., Massawe, H.L., 2022. Epidemiology and associated injuries in paediatric diaphyseal femur fractures treated at a limited resource zonal referral hospital in northern Tanzania. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 23, 360.
6.     Mremi, A., Bentzer, N.K., Mchome, B., Mlay, J., Blaakær, J., Rasch, V., Schledermann, D., 2022a. The role of telepathology in diagnosis of pre-malignant and malignant cervical lesions: Implementation at a tertiary hospital in Northern Tanzania. PLoS One 17, e0266649.
7.     Mremi, A., Bentzer, N.K., Mchome, B., Mlay, J., Blaakær, J., Rasch, V., Schledermann, D., 2022b. The role of telepathology in diagnosis of pre-malignant and malignant cervical lesions: Implementation at a tertiary hospital in Northern Tanzania. PLOS ONE 17, e0266649.
8.     Msoka, E.F., Bunn, C., Msoka, P., Yongolo, N.M., Laurie, E., Wyke, S., McIntosh, E., Mmbaga, B., 2022. P212 Understandings and responses to joint pain: preliminary findings from a rapid ethnographic assessment in Northern Tanzania. Rheumatology 61, keac133.211.
9.     Paulo, H.A., Mosha, D., Mwanyika-Sando, M., Mboya, I.B., Madzorera, I., Killewo, J., Leyna, G.H., Msuya, S.E., Fawzi, W.W., 2022. Role of dietary quality and diversity on overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age in Tanzania. PLOS ONE 17, e0266344.
10.    Schou, A., Jørgensen, N.R., Maro, V.P., Kilonzo, K., Ramaiya, K., Sironga, J., Jensen, A.K., Christensen, D.L., Schwarz, P., 2022. The circadian rhythm of calcium and bone homeostasis in Maasai. Am J Hum Biol e23756.
11.   Semvua, S.K., Kim, C.Y., Muiruri, C., Peter, T.A., Mmbaga, B.T., Bartlett, J.A., Zullig, L.L., Jazowski, S.A., Knettel, B.A., Karia, F.P., Ramadhani, H.O., 2022. Predictors of Self-repackaging of Antiretroviral Therapy in Northern Tanzania. Am J Health Behav 46, 124–133.
12.  Tarimo, C.S., Bhuyan, S.S., Zhao, Y., Ren, W., Mohammed, A., Li, Q., Gardner, M., Mahande, M.J., Wang, Y., Wu, J., 2022. Prediction of low Apgar score at five minutes following labor induction intervention in vaginal deliveries: machine learning approach for imbalanced data at a tertiary hospital in North Tanzania. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 22, 275.
13.    Van Aartsen, D., Justine, M., Mduma, E., Mpagama, S.G., Alshaer, M.H., Peloquin, C.A., Mujaga, B., Maro, A., Gratz, J., Kosek, M., Liu, J., Rogawski McQuade, E.T., Houpt, E.R., Thomas, T.A., Heysell, S.K., 2022. Enteropathogen spectrum and effect on antimycobacterial pharmacokinetics among children with tuberculosis in rural Tanzania: a prospective cohort study. The Lancet Microbe.
14.   Walsh, R.B., Mwingwa, A., Yongolo, N.M., Biswaro, S.M., Mwanswila, M.J., Kelly, C., Mmbaga, B.T., Mosha, F., Gray, W.K., McIntosh, E., Walker, R.W., 2022. The spectrum and burden of in-patient paediatric musculoskeletal diseases in Northern Tanzania. Paediatr Int Child Health 1–10.
15.  Yongolo, N.M., Krauth, S.J., Biswaro, S.M., Moshi, B., Mwanswila, M., Hemed, A., Njau, R., Ng’unda, N.A., Walker, R., Kilonzo, K., Siebert, S., Halliday, J., McIntosh, E., Kelly, C., Mmbaga, B., Temu, G., 2022. P208 A retrospective survey of arthritis among inpatients at a consultant hospital in Northern Tanzania from 2017 to 2019. Rheumatology 61, keac133.207.